How To Lower Blood Pressure Instantly In An Emergency?

How To Lower Blood Pressure Instantly In An Emergency?

What is high blood pressure (hypertension)?

There is a force when blood pumps from the heart into the arteries, this force is generated by the contraction of the heart and are simply called blood pressure. When blood pressure is high, the blood moves through the arteries more forcefully. This puts increased pressure on the delicate tissues in the arteries and damages the blood vessels. This condition is known as hypertension. Arteries are the vessels that distribute blood from the heart to all the tissues and organs of the body. Normal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mm Hg.

Hypertension is also known as “Silent Killer”. It is because people don’t find any symptoms as late as there’s damage to the heart.

Hypertensive Emergency

When the blood pressure spikes very high, the blood moves through the arteries more forcefully. This force can damage the blood vessels or other organs in your body as this puts more pressure on the delicate tissues in the arteries or other organs. This condition is known as hypertensive emergency. Hypertensive emergency simply means blood pressure is very high that organ damage can occur. Hypertensive emergency often occurs when hypertension goes untreated.

It can’t be considered an easy task, it is life-threatening and needs immediate treatment in an intensive-care setting. The patient typically has chest pain, dyspnea, neurologic deficits, an occipital headache, visual disturbances, and vomiting.

Organs that may be damaged or becomes abnormal when the blood pressure spikes very high (hypertensive emergency):

  • Changes in mental status
  • Bleeding into the brain
  • Heart Failure
  • Chest pain
  • Fluid in the lungs
  • Heart attack

Lowering Blood Pressure Instantly in a Hypertensive Emergency

Hypertensive emergency needs immediate medical therapy such as labetalol, an adrenergic receptor blocker. Labetalol decreases BP by causing vasodilation without compromising cerebral blood flow. Vasodilators such as nitroprusside and nitroglycerin are also used to treat a hypertensive emergency.

Hypertensive Urgency

Hypertensive urgency occurs when the blood pressure spikes very high but there is little or no evidence of target organ damage. It can be brought down within a few hours with medications.

Hypertensive urgency is usually managed with a combination of oral fast-acting agents such as loop diuretics (bumetanide, furosemide), beta-blockers (propranolol, metoprolol, nadolol), ACE inhibitors (benazepril, captopril, enalapril), calcium channel blockers (amlodipine, verapamil), or a centrally acting alpha-agonist such as clonidine.

Normally, high blood pressure is often classified into two stages. Stage 1 hypertension is determined when blood pressure levels fall between 130-139/80-89 mm Hg. Stage 2 blood pressure is determined when blood pressure becomes higher than 140/90 mm Hg.

Symptoms of high blood pressure (Hypertensive emergency)

As it is referred to as a silent killer, it does not have any noticeable associated symptoms. By far, this is one of the most alarming problems that the healthcare industry and general population are facing.

But here are some of the symptoms that commonly observed:

  • A headache or blurred vision
  • Increasing confusion
  • Increase chest pain
  • Increasing shortness of breath

Lowering Blood Pressure instantly in an emergency (Naturally)

There are numerous options that can lower high blood pressure instantly in an emergency:

Meditating and deep breathing can lower the blood pressure, it also falls under the ‘stress reduction techniques’. Meditation and deep breathing activate the parasympathetic nervous system which slows down the heart rate and lowering blood pressure.

Exercise 30 to 60 minutes a day. Exercising is an important part of healthy living. It doesn’t only lower the blood pressure but also decrease the risk of diabetes and other types of heart disease, etc.

Consuming these foods can lower your blood pressure,

  • Eating fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
  • Eating low-fat dairy products, lean meats, fish and nuts
  • Get rid of the food that is high in saturated fats such as processed foods, fatty meats, etc.

Losing weight can lower your blood pressure. The extra fat around your waist, called visceral fat is troublesome as it tends to surround various organs in the abdomen which can lead to some serious health problems and high blood pressure.

Smoking can increase your blood pressure. If you are a heavy smoker, you have a greater risk of developing high blood pressure, heart attack, and stroke. Drinking high amount of wine can lead to high blood pressure.

Stress can temporarily raise your blood pressure, once you know the source of your stress, try to fix as early as possible as it can lead to dangerous blood pressure.

There are numerous medicinal herbal extracts which can lower blood pressure. These include:

  • Allium Sativum (Garlic)
  • Agathosma Betulina (Buchu)
  • Apium Graveolens (Celery)
  • Annona Muricata (Prickly Custard Apple)
  • Avena Sativa (Green Oat)
  • Aristolochia Manshuriensis (Guan Mu Tong)
  • Artocarpus Altilis (Breadfruit)
  • Castanospermum Australe (Black Bean)
  • Crataegus pinnatifida (Chinese Hawthorn)
  • Daucus Carota (Carrot)
  • Glycine Max (Soybean)
  • Lavandula Stoechas (French Lavender)
  • Linum Usitatissimum (Flaxseed)

Hypertensive crises may arise as a result of one or more of the following:

  • Acute glomerulonephritis
  • Autonomic dysreflexia in the presence of spinal cord injury
  • Chronic parenchymal renal disease
  • Combining a monoamine oxidase inhibitor and tyramine-containing foods (such as soy sauce, sauerkraut, aged cheese, pepperoni, salami, liverwurst), tricyclic antidepressants, or other sympathomimetics
  • Eclampsia, preeclampsia
  • Head injury
  • Illicit use of sympathomimetic drugs such as cocaine, amphetamines, PCP, and LSD
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Renin-secreting or aldosterone-secreting tumor
  • Renovascular hypertension
  • Scleroderma and other collagen vascular diseases
  • Too-rapid withdrawal from antihypertensive medications
  • Vasculitis.

Further Reading: WebMD, RedOrbit, HealthLine, Nurshing2019.


Author: Wan


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.