Presently researchers are finding that individuals who are “skinny fat,” or have sarcopenic obesity, may likewise have an increased risk of compromised brain function. This may anticipate a person’s risk of Alzheimer’s disease, the most widely recognized kind of dementia.
No doubt, having sarcopenic obesity implies having a high mass of fat and a combination of low muscle mass and strength.
Researchers at Florida Atlantic University’s Comprehensive Center for Brain Health knew that sarcopenia and obesity can harm cognitive function and needed to additionally examine the connection between body mass and composition and the early indications of Alzheimer’s infection.
The researchers believe that the combination of sarcopenic and obesity can create a higher threat to mental performance compared to the individual effects of sarcopenia or obesity alone.
In order to investigate potential risk, the researchers used data from 353 participants with an average age of 69. Researchers assessed the relationship of sarcopenic obesity with cognition testing.
Testing included a cognitive assessment, animal naming, and functional tests of grip strength and standing from a seated position. They used this information in comparison to one’s body composition — their body mass index, a percentage of body fat, and muscle mass.
After analysis, researchers discovered that those with high body fat and low muscle mass, or “skinny fat” participants, had the lowest performance on global cognition and overall health. Specifically, these people were limited in their ability to perform an executive function.
Sarcopenic obesity’s impairment was followed by those who just had sarcopenia or had low muscle tone, and then those who only had obesity.
Obesity and sarcopenia alone had negative associations with mental flexibility, self-control, orientation, and working memory. However, when people had both body types, the outcomes were more profound.