♦ What Are Emotions?
♦ What Causes Emotions?♦ Why Do We Have Emotions?♦ What is Emotional Intelligence?
Joy or sorrow can emerge only after the brain registers physical changes in the body.
You’re touching a physical thing and it’s going to feel a particular way but emotions are way less straightforward. So where do they come from, defining emotion is tricky like we all know that cold is a feeling and that it isn’t an emotion, the way sadness is but it’s hard to explain the difference.
♦ What Are Emotion?
Emotions are complex and have both physical and mental components. Researchers observed that emotions have the following parts:
• Subjective feelings. • Physiological responses. • Expressive behavior.
• The component of emotions that scientists call subjective feelings refers to the way each individual person experiences feelings and this component is the most difficult to describe or measure.
Subjective feelings cannot be observed; instead, the person experiencing the emotion must describe it to others, and each person’s description and interpretation of a feeling may be slightly different. For instance, two people falling in love will not experience or describe their feeling in exactly the same ways.
• Physiological responses are the easiest part of emotion to measure because scientists have developed special tools to measure them. A pounding heart, sweating, blood rushing to the face, or the release of adrenaline in response to a situation that creates intense emotion can all be measured with scientific accuracy.
People have very similar internal responses to the same emotion. For instance, regardless of age, race, or gender, when people are under stress, their bodies release adrenaline; this hormone helps prepare the body to either run away or fight, which is called the “fight or flight” reaction. Although the psychological part of emotions may be different for each feeling, several different emotions can produce the same physical reaction.
• Expressive behavior is the outward sign that an emotion is being experienced. Outward signs of emotions can include fainting, a flushed face, muscle tensing, facial expressions, tone of voice, rapid breathing, restlessness. The outward expression of an emotion gives other people clues to what someone is experiencing and helps to regulate social interactions.
♦ What Causes Emotions?
When you view your mind as a pattern recognition network. Special organs within your limbic system recognize the patterns of events in your life and respond. Their signals trigger emotions, which instantly decide your attitudes and modify your behavior.
Anger and fear are such emotions. Anger is blind to consequences and lashes out. Fear ignores successes and withdraws from confrontation.
- Emotions take control of your motor systems and modify your behaviors.
- Emotions dominate your behavior but are not your visceral or facial responses.
- Emotion signals originate from the limbic system and provide a multitude of competing controls added from early history.
- Emotion signals trigger bodily responses as well as feelings and sensations, which make you experience cold fear or warm love.
- Emotions trigger sequences of motor responses, which act with focused strategies for survival.
- At any point in time, a single family of emotions take control and act ahead of your awareness. A massive inherited wisdom guides these actions.
- While emotions have a blinkered access to memories, RI sees the whole and is neutral.
- The nobler emotions are nature’s greatest inventions. They motivate the system to achieve excellence.
♦ Why Do We Have Emotions?
Emotions appear to serve several physical and psychological purposes. Some scientists believe that emotions are one of the fundamental traits associated with being human. Emotions color people’s lives and give them depth and differentiation. For many people, strong emotions are linked to creativity and expression. Great art, music, and literature deal on a fundamental level with arousing emotions and creating an emotional connection between the artist and the public. Some scientists also believe that emotions serve as motivation to behave in specific ways.
Physiologically, emotions aid in survival. For example, sudden fear often causes a person to freeze like a deer caught by a car’s headlights. Because animals usually attack in response to a motion, at its simplest level, fear reduces the chances of the attack. When Mandy froze in response to a car racing by her, this was an example of a physical response to an emotion that improved her chances of survival.
Emotions also help people monitor their social behavior and regulate their interactions with others. Every person unconsciously learns to “read” the outward expressions of other people and apply past experience to determine what these outward signs indicate about what the other person is feeling. If a person sees a man approaching who is walking very aggressively, holding his body stiffly and frowning, the person might correctly assume that the man is angry. Using this information, the person can decide whether to leave or to stay or what tone of voice and body language to use when approaching the man.
♦ What is Emotional Intelligence?
• Self-awareness: recognizing internal feelings.
• Managing emotions: finding ways to handle emotions that are appropriate to the situation.
• Motivation: using self-control to channel emotions toward a goal.
• Empathy: understanding the emotional perspective of other people.
• Handling relationships: using personal information and information about others to handle social relationships and to develop interpersonal skills.
Mental illness often results from excess emotion.
Here is the video which is same with this topic. If you’re interested, you can watch the video below.
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